When the body does not produce enough insulin to break down and use the carbohydrates supplied with food, the level of glucose in the blood inevitably rises.
For diabetic patients, monitoring and regulating blood sugar levels is vital. High blood sugar levels in the body have many negative effects on organs and nerves.
In addition, high blood sugar levels in diabetic patients also have a negative impact on skin health.
Manifestations of diabetes on the skin
Diabetic patients often experience very dry, tight and itchy skin.
The body tries to eliminate excess glucose through the urine. With frequent urination, a large amount of fluid is released and the skin becomes dry.
Dehydrated skin is much more susceptible to infection , as bacteria can penetrate through the microscopic dry cracks on the skin 's surface .
High blood sugar also damages nerves in the skin. Minor injuries are felt only later or not at all by patients. Sometimes severe inflammation of the skin and underlying tissues develops , such as diabetic foot.
The lack of insulin has an inhibitory effect on the normal growth of skin layers, making it difficult for wounds to heal.
All of these factors contribute to diabetic patients having vulnerable skin that requires special care.
With dry skin, daily hydration is an important factor. Chronically dry skin that is prone to inflammation requires special care. Many diabetic patients have dry, itchy sores.
When the skin tightens from dryness and the itching becomes unbearable, patients injure the site and lesions appear. Bacteria and other pathogens can pass through the damaged skin barrier and cause infection.
Instead of succumbing to the itching, it is recommended that we apply skin care creams. Diabetic patients should use moisturizing creams. It is important that creams contain vitamin E and substances that help preserve the skin's natural moisture, such as jojoba oil.
Skin creams are preferably fragrance-free, and it is essential that they are free of irritating chemicals that can aggravate the problem, so certified organic products should always be chosen.
Patients with sensitive and dry skin, including diabetic patients , should not spend too much time in the shower or bath. It is well known that excessive time in the shower or bath dries out the skin .
Long showers remove part of the fat layer of the skin, which protects it from external pollutants and pathogens .
Patients with diabetes should take only short showers or baths, use pH-neutral shower gels, and use moisturizing skin care products after each shower or bath.
Because the skin of diabetic patients is drier, it is easier for foot and nail fungus to penetrate the skin barrier.
That is why diabetic patients should pay special attention to regular foot care procedures .
- Short daily foot baths
- Foot care lotions with a neutral pH
- Carefully drying the spaces between the toes, where bacteria and fungi easily multiply due to the moist environment.
It is important to use flip-flops when using public pools and showers so that bacteria, viruses and fungi cannot penetrate the skin .