Showing posts with label skin. Show all posts
Showing posts with label skin. Show all posts


Summer oak bark - for eczema and chapped skin


The summer oak (lat. Quercus robur ) is a tree that reaches 30 m in height with a branched crown and thick stems. The bark of the stems and large branches is thick, with many cracks, brown-gray, and on young branches it is thin and smooth. Summer oak blooms in early spring. It is widespread in our country mainly in the lowlands and along the rivers. It is less common than the common oak, which is widespread in the foothills and mountain belt up to about 1500 m above sea level.


Summer oak has astringent, hemostatic and anti-inflammatory effects. The content of gallotannins and catechin tannins determines the wide application of barks from young oak branches. They are mainly used for external use in a large number of skin diseases , especially in purulent wounds and pimples, eczema , cracked skin, itching, etc. They are also used for white discharge in women, for hemorrhoids, for inflammation of the gums and tonsils, for bad breath, etc. Very rarely and in small doses (since large doses induce vomiting), extracts from the bark of the oak are used internally for inflammations of the stomach and intestines, of the urinary bladder, and for profuse menstruation.


Method of use. For external use, prepare a decoction of 500 g of crushed bark with 3-4 liters of water, which is boiled for 30 minutes. The decoction is added to the bath water. Baths are made with it for skin irritations. 


Chemical composition. The dried peels contain an average of 7 - 12% gallotannins and catechin tannins, free gallic and ellagic acid, the flavonoid quercetin, quercitrin, carbohydrates, resins, etc. Young and uncracked bark has been shown to contain a greater amount of tannins than old, cracked and thick bark. The fruits (acorns) contain 4-7% tannins, up to 40% starch, about 4% proteins, 3% fats, 1.5% mineral salts, sugars, etc.


Drugs. For medicinal purposes, the bark ( Cortex Quercus ) and the fruit ( Fructus Quercus ) are used for medicinal purposes, the bark being collected in early spring - during the period of intense sap flow, and the acorns - in autumn, after ripening, when they begin to fall by themselves from the trees. It is not allowed to mix oak bark with ash bark ( Fraxinus excelsior L. ). The outer surface of the ash bark is dull, gray.


Sumac – the most used herb for skin irritations


The sumac or tetra (lat. Cotinus coggygria ) is a shrub up to 2 m high or a small tree up to 4 m. The flowers are greenish. Blooms from May to June. It is found in thickets and oak forests, in dry and stony places almost all over the country up to 800 m above sea level. 


Sumac has an astringent, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect. 
It is used for purulent skin rashes, wounds, boils, sweating of the feet, hair loss, bleeding, swollen and purulent gums, hemorrhoids, joint swelling, etc. 


It is also used with a very good effect for white discharge (for vaginal washes), hard-to-heal wounds, aphthae of the oral cavity, stomatitis, pyorrhea, inflammation of the gums, etc. In Bulgarian folk medicine, sumac is used for hemoptysis, gastritis, ulcers, colitis, inflammation of the intestines and stomach.


Treatment of hemorrhoids with sumac. Tetra can be applied as an herbal bath or poultice. Gauze or a piece of cotton soaked in a decoction of the herb is placed on the affected area, which must remain for at least an hour. Since the area is very delicate, you can also try a bath with sumac. For an instant effect, a standing bath is recommended , which requires a large basin. The prepared decoction (5 tablespoons of herb per 5 liters of water) is poured into a basin and you need to stay in it for 15-20 minutes.


For painful and bleeding hemorrhoids , it is applied every day. Tetra has a hemostatic effect. In addition to stopping the blood, it will also relieve the pain.


Sumac for wounds . In case of wounds, sumac instantly restores the integrity of torn skin fibers. Applied in the form of a compress, it soothes inflammation, removes swelling and reduces pain.


You can apply gauze soaked in a decoction of the medicinal plant (a tablespoon of the herb to half a liter of water) on the torn area.

You can also smear the affected area with a drop of sumac oil dissolved in 50 milliliters of olive oil. This will soften and cool your skin.


Chemical composition . They contain 15 to 25% gallotannins, 3-5% free gallic acid, flavonol glycosides and essential oil, in the composition of which myrcene, apinene, camphene, linalool and a-terpinol have been found.


Drugs. The leaves ( Folia Cotyni ) are used medicinally.


How to use basil for healthy and beautiful skin?


Basil ( Ocimum basilicum ) is an annual herb. Every single part of it, the leaves, seeds, flowers and essential oil has healing properties. In addition to improving health, basil can also be used to rejuvenate and soothe the skin.

Basil decoction can be used as a facial tonic. Cleanses and detoxifies the skin , making it radiant and soft.
Crushed basil leaves into a thick paste can be used as a face mask. It is suitable for cleaning the face from blackheads and reducing the discharge of sebum .
The use of basil essential oil contributes to improving blood circulation and thus helps to increase metabolism.
The oil is good for skin and hair. It is widely found in nutritional supplements to improve skin tone and elasticity. It is used for acneic skin and infections.
Thanks to its antioxidant properties, basil supports the healing of the skin and reduces the risk of various inflammations, diseases and infections.
The essential oil is antibacterial against Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enteritidis and Escherichia coli , antiseptic against Proteus vulgaris, Bacillus subtilis and Salmonella paratyph and antifungal against Candida albicans, Penicillium notatum and Microsporeum gyseum .


Herbs used to treat skin diseases

 Medicinal plants are used both in folk and classical medicine for the treatment of skin diseases. For this purpose, they are applied in the form of infusions, tinctures or decoctions, which are used less often internally, and more often for compresses, washes, baths, etc. 


Most often, for skin diseases, herbs are placed directly on the affected area as fresh juice, fresh or crushed herb or in the form of a poultice (a slurry made with warm water from a crushed dry herb, which is spread between a cloth folded in two). A woolen fabric is usually placed over the paw to keep the area warm. There are also many preparations for the treatment of skin diseases prepared from herbs. 


As with diseases of other organs and systems, as with skin diseases , the application of medicinal plants in chronically ongoing processes has the greatest basis. In acute or subacute skin diseases or in an exacerbation stage, herbs can sometimes help the complex treatment. For example, wet eczema is well affected by mountain sedum (Potentilla erecta (L.) Rauschel) , owl-like plantain (Lycopodium clavatum L.) and others. 


The difficulties in the treatment of some skin diseases with an unclear etiology also give reason to try the action of the plants used in folk medicine in such cases. Herbs used in dermatology are difficult to classify . Often the same plant has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antipruritic and pain-relieving effects at the same time. 


This versatility in action can be helpful in treatment, but makes classification difficult. Some of the more commonly used plants in the treatment of skin diseases are: 

  • Herbs with an anti-inflammatory and astringent effect: gorse (Tussilago farfara L.) , yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.) , sorrel (Berberis vulgaris L.) , mountain gorse (Potentilla erecta (L.) Rauschel) , walnut (Juglans regia L .) , heather (Agropyron repens (L.) P. Beauv.) , sumac (Cotinus coggygria Scop.) , sedge (Plantago lanceolata L.) , cranberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) , chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) and etc. 
  • Herbs with antipruritic and soothing effect: tricolor violet (Viola tricolor L.) , lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) , mint, rose (Rosa damascene Mill.) , blackberry (Rubus fruticosus L.) , juniper (Juniperus communis L.) and others.
  • Herbs with antimicrobial and phytoncide action: garlic (Allium sativum L) , onion (Allium sera L.) , St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) , black turnip (Raphanus sativus L. var. niger) , chamomile (Matricaria chamornilla L. ) , white birch (Betula pendula Roth) , sage (Salvia officinalis L.) , etc.


Argan oil for healthy hair, skin and nails


Argan -  Arganda spinosa  is a spiny tree from which a very valuable essential oil with important cosmetic properties is extracted. In Morocco it is known as the "tree of life" because everything in it has a valuable use: the wood serves as fuel; the leaves and fruits are fodder for livestock, and the oil extracted from its almonds has nutritional and medicinal uses.


Argan oil  is known for its skin benefits. Due to the high content of fatty acids and tocopherols -  vitamin E , argan oil deeply moisturizes the skin.

  • Nourishes and protects the skin

Unsaturated fatty acids , which are of key importance for the barrier function of the epidermis, give it hydrating, nourishing and protective properties.

  • It rejuvenates the skin

Argan oil is rich in vitamin E  - 70 mg / 100 g, which also acts as a powerful antioxidant, neutralizing the skin aging process.


The oil restores the skin barrier, activates the vital functions of the cells and reduces wrinkles .


It also has healing and anti-rheumatic properties.

  • Strengthens hair and nails

Argan oil is a suitable care for dry and wrinkled skin, helps to nourish and revitalize fragile hair and is valuable for strengthening brittle nails.


The oil is recommended for chapped skin, acne, irritations, eczema and burns.


How to use argan oil?

  • Facial care

It can be used daily, the oil leaves the face with  a light satin shine.


A few drops of oil are applied with gentle massaging movements, preferably in the evening before going to bed.


For very dry skin , it can be applied both in the morning and in the evening.

  • Lip care

The oil should be applied carefully to effectively hydrate the lips .

  • Body care

Body care with argan oil can be done once a week - a few drops can be added to the bath or applied with massage movements on clean and dried skin.

  • Care against dry and exhausted hair

As a hair care product, argan oil can be used every day.


One drop of oil is needed, which is applied and distributed evenly along the length of the hair or mixed with the shampoo .


For more intensive care, it can be applied 30 minutes before washing with shampoo .

  • Nail care

As nail care, argan oil is applied for 15 minutes once a week, mixed with lemon juice.


The oil strengthens the nails and gives them shine.




Skin exfoliation - what are the benefits and how to do it effectively?

 Skin exfoliation is a procedure that gives many advantages and can be done both in a beauty salon and at home.


The beneficial properties of exfoliation can be manifested provided that it is done with the right gestures and products.


Exfoliation - a basic procedure for the beauty and health of the skin


Over 1 million dead cells are eliminated from our skin every 24 hours .


Eventually, dead skin cells build up, mix with the skin's sebum , and clog pores, causing blackheads, acne, and more generally, skin imperfections and a dull complexion.


Exfoliation accelerates the elimination of dead skin and activates cell regeneration.


Exfoliation stimulates microcirculation , which improves the skin's radiance and promotes its health, elasticity and radiance.


Body exfoliation prevents ingrown hairs, especially after waxing.


It also softens the skin and evens out the complexion.


Therefore, exfoliating both the face and the body is an essential procedure for healthy and beautiful skin .


How to exfoliate effectively?

Mechanical exfoliation , the best known and most used, consists of combining a creamy texture with fine grains - sand, salt, particles of fruit pits or even micro-particles that exfoliate the top layer of the skin.


Exfoliation is complete when performed with massaging movements.


By massaging the fine particles on the skin, dead skin is removed.


Body and face exfoliation should be done with different types of products because the skin is not the same in these two places.


Facial skin is much finer, the exfoliant particles must be much finer and more delicate to avoid irritation.


For the body, the exfoliating particles  can be larger.


For effective exfoliation, it is important to perform slow and circular massage movements for 2 to 3 minutes.


The skin should not be scrubbed hard, as this will not make the exfoliation more effective.


It is recommended to exfoliate 1 to 2 times a week.


Exfoliating products are key to complete skin care.


It is recommended to choose products with the most natural composition possible and those that are targeted according to the needs and type of the skin: hydration, detox, anti- aging and wrinkle care.




Between summer and autumn - how to take care of your skin?

 The sunny summer is leaving to give way to the colorful and beautiful autumn. The hot rays are replaced by the cold breeze of the wind, and the salty waves of the sea by the sweet drops of rain. 


With the change of weather comes the time for a change in skin care . Tired of the sun, heat and salt, she must be prepared for the cold months. But how?


Keratinocytes are skin cells that make up most of the outer layer of the skin, known as the epidermis. They are the only cells in the human body that can make vitamin D from its precursor, 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC), and convert it so that the body can use it.


Vitamin D plays an important role in skin barrier function and skin cell growth. It supports the skin's immune system, which acts as the first line of defense against harmful pathogens. Therefore, taking the vitamin is a great preparation for autumn. 


The same goes for collagen, the most abundant protein in the human body, accounting for 75% of the skin's dry weight.


Some research shows that taking collagen supplements can have a number of benefits for the skin, including reducing the depth of wrinkles and increasing hydration.


The next step on the way to healthy skin is getting enough vitamin C. It acts as a powerful, skin-protecting antioxidant and is essential for collagen production .


The skin itself contains very high levels of vitamin C - some studies have found a concentration of up to 64 mg of vitamin C per 100 grams of the epidermal skin layer.


Not surprisingly, studies show that increasing vitamin C through supplementation can improve many factors of skin health, including skin hydration.


Vitamin C can improve skin barrier function and help reduce water loss, which in turn prevents skin dryness.


Another good helper in skin care is fish oil . It contains docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), two essential fatty acids that have powerful anti-inflammatory and healing properties. Fish oil supplements can also help increase hydration.


8 Best Vitamins and Supplements for Dry Skin. Healthline -


How to take care of the skin in diabetes?

 When the body does not produce enough insulin to break down and use the carbohydrates supplied with food, the level of glucose in the blood inevitably rises.


For diabetic patients, monitoring and regulating blood sugar levels is vital. High blood sugar levels  in the body have many negative effects on organs and nerves.


In addition, high blood sugar levels in diabetic patients also have a negative impact on skin health.

Manifestations of diabetes on the skin

Diabetic patients often experience very dry, tight and itchy skin. 

The body tries to eliminate excess glucose  through the urine. With frequent urination, a large amount of fluid is released and the skin becomes dry.


Dehydrated skin is much more susceptible to infection , as bacteria can penetrate through the microscopic dry cracks on the skin 's surface .

High blood sugar also damages nerves in the skin. Minor injuries are felt only later or not at all by patients. Sometimes severe inflammation of the skin and underlying tissues develops , such as diabetic foot.


The lack of insulin has an inhibitory effect on the normal growth of skin layers, making it difficult for wounds to heal.


All of these factors contribute to diabetic patients having vulnerable skin that requires special care.


With dry skin, daily hydration is an important factor. Chronically dry skin that is prone to inflammation requires special care. Many diabetic patients have  dry, itchy sores.


When the skin tightens from dryness and the itching becomes unbearable, patients injure the site and lesions appear. Bacteria and other pathogens can pass through the damaged skin barrier and cause infection.


Instead of succumbing to the itching, it is recommended that we apply skin care creams. Diabetic patients should use moisturizing creams.  It is important that creams contain vitamin E and substances that help preserve the skin's natural moisture, such as jojoba oil.


Skin creams are preferably fragrance-free, and it is essential that they are free of irritating chemicals that can aggravate the problem, so certified organic products should always be chosen.

Patients with sensitive and dry skin, including diabetic patients , should not spend too much time in the shower or bath. It is well known that excessive time in the shower or bath dries out the skin .


Long showers remove part of the fat layer of the skin, which protects it from external pollutants and pathogens .


Patients with diabetes should take only short showers or baths, use pH-neutral shower gels, and use moisturizing skin care products after each shower or bath.

Because the skin of diabetic patients is drier, it is easier for foot and nail fungus to penetrate the skin barrier.


That is why diabetic patients should pay special attention to regular foot care procedures .


This includes:

  • Short daily foot baths
  • Foot care lotions with a neutral pH
  • Carefully drying the spaces between the toes, where bacteria and fungi easily multiply due to the moist environment.

This susceptibility of patients to fungal skin infections  means that, especially during the summer swimming season in both indoor and outdoor pools, there is an increased risk of contamination and infection.


It is important to use flip-flops when using public pools and showers so that bacteria, viruses and fungi cannot penetrate the skin .